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THE CROSS AND THE SACRED FIRE // BYZANTIUM AND THE SASSANIDS

THE CROSS AND THE SACRED FIRE

BYZANTIUM AND THE SASSANIDS (4th-7th CENTURIES)

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ΣΑΒΒΙΔΗΣ Γ.Κ. ΑΛΕΞΙΟΣ
Κωδ. Πολιτείας: 1900-0451
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Παρουσίαση

The present monograph attempts an overall survey of Byzantine-Sassanid contacts and relations (political, diplomatic, religious and cultural), discussing several older and more recent views on crucial topics and taking into account a large body of bibliography, which in recent decades has been significantly supplemented. Although Byzantines and Persians between the early 4th and the first part of the 7th century A.D. shared a mutual respect for their states and cultures, the Byzantine, or Eastern Roman Empire or Empire of New Rome, found in Sassanid Persia an "inherited" adversary from the Past. Indeed, upon its definitive foundation between A.D. 324 and 330 the Byzantine Empire had to count the neo-Persian Empire (by then almost a century old) as perhaps its potentially most menacing neighbouring state, since it was only in the close of the 3rd century that Rome had inflicted a heavy defeat on it, following its former humiliation by it in previous decades. For more than three centuries these two most powerful Empires of Eurasia in the closing stages of late Antiquity and the beginnings of the early medieval centuries, fought each other with fluctuating results and an apparent inability to inflict a mortal blow on each other's chief adversary. It was only in the last eight years of this long struggle (A.D. 622-629/630) that the Byzantines succeeded in gaining the upper hand by decisively defeating the Sassanids, though the permanent extinction of the Sassanid kingdom was effected between A.D. 636/637 and 651/652 by the forces of first Moslem Arab Caliphate. In early Byzantine eyes the neo-Persian Empire of the Sassanids was the ceaseless Oriental "challenge", a most efficiently organized military power and a worthy opponent who had to be reckoned with for about four centuries both on the political/military/institutional and on the religious spheres. A significant number of early Byzantine/Greek narrative sources, often complemented and supported by various Oriental Christian authors and the early Moslem chroniclers of the first centuries of the Arab conquests and expansion, testify to this crucial chapter in the history of the eastern Mediterranean world, of southeastern Europe (the Sassanids came close to co-capturing Constantinople itself in A.D. 626 in conjunction with the Turcophone Avars and their Balkans allies), as well as of the Near/Middle East in late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages. The long and at times intermittent warfare between these two most important state entities, with long spans of "uneasy peace", proved to be mutually detrimental despite the eventual Byzantine/Christian victory over pyrolatrous Zoroastrianism, for it paved the way for the common enemy, Islam, which from the 630s gradually imposed itself by obliterating the Sassanid monarchy and by seizing from Byzantium the bulk of its Oriental provinces. (From the publisher)

Περιεχόμενα

Dedication
Curriculum Vitae
Preface
The Cross and the Sacred Fire. Byzantium and the Sassanids (4th-7th centuries). An overview of relations between the Eastern Graeco-Roman Empire and pre-Islamic Persia
Introduction and notes on some recent contributions
Early centuries (until the late 5th) - Armies of the adversaries - neighbours involved - Christianity versus Zoroastrianism
The Anastasian war of A.D. 502-506 and Justinianic era's defensive wars (A.D. 527-561/562)
Byzantine counter-offensive and retreat A.D. 565-610)
The early medieval Hellenic-Roman world prevails over Persia: waning and fall of the Sassanids (A.D. 610/622 to 629/630)
Aftermath: Islam's onslaught (630s - early 640s)
List of late Roman / early Byzantine and Sassanid rulers
Bibliographical appendix
Abbreviations cited
Selected additional bibliography consulted
Greek summary (Περίληψη)
Index of names, places and terms
Maps
Λεπτομέρειες
ISBN139789604854226
ΕκδότηςΗΡΟΔΟΤΟΣ
Σειρά
Χρονολογία ΈκδοσηςΙούλιος 2022
Διαστάσεις24x15
Κωδικός Πολιτείας1900-0451
Θέμα
Θέση στο κατάστημαΕίσοδος Γ

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