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THE SCIENCE OF LOGIC AND THE ART OF THINKING // AN INTRODUCT

THE SCIENCE OF LOGIC AND THE ART OF THINKING

AN INTRODUCTION TO CRITICAL REASONING

ΚΑΡΓΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΣ, ΡΑΦΤΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ Σ. ΘΑΝΟΣ
Κωδ. Πολιτείας: 0640-0361




Παρουσίαση

Of the great aims of liberal education critical reasoning (the combination of the attitude and the capacity to ask the right questions and to think things through) has always been the most pursued and the hardest to impart. It is pursued because it is a presupposition of the others or of the correct exercise of the others. It is hard because it involves an art, a science, and a way of life. A way of life is lived and an art is learned by doing. Still what this book aims to do is to ground critical thinking on that part of the science of logic that is secure, prepositional and predicate calculus, and to proceed from there to further applications of logical theory in the general methodology of thought. The last part applies these lessons in critical thinking to a consideration of two problems in philosophy, the problem of god and the problem of mind. (From the publisher)

Περιεχόμενα

Preface
Introduction
Arguments, Validity, Soundness
Truth Values and Connectives
Conditionals and Biconditionals
Complex Sentences and Truth Tables
Tautology, Contradiction, Consistency
The Method of Analysis
Implication and Validity
Simple Common Inferences
Natural Deduction
Equivalence
The Logic of Terms
Categorical Sentences
Aristotelian Syllogisms
Venn Diagrams
Predicates, Names, Variables
Quantifiers and Variables
The Grammar of Predicate Calculus
Monadic Predication
Polyadic Predication
Quantificational Equivalences
Instantiation Rules
The Logical Properies of Quantificational Sentences
Implication in Quantification Sentences
Testing the Validity of Quantificational Arguments
Tactics in Applying the Method
Natural Deduction Again
The Logic of Identity
Induction and Deduction
Statistical Inferences
The Hypothetico-Deductive Method
Abduction, Explanation, Reduction
Eliminative Induction
Quasi-Inductive Inferences
Fallacies
Distinctions and Definitions
Critical Treatment of Arguments
Logical and Empirical Truths
Issues and Problems
The Problem of God
The Cosmological Argument
The Teleological Argument
Arguments from Mystical Experience
The Argument Concerning Evil
The Problem of Mind
Traditional Solutions to the Problem of Mind
Modern Approaches to the Mind
Exercises
Bibliography
Index
Λεπτομέρειες
ΕκδότηςΒΑΝΙΑΣ
Σειρά
Χρονολογία ΈκδοσηςΔεκέμβριος 1998
Αριθμός σελίδων304
Διαστάσεις24x17
Κωδικός Πολιτείας0640-0361
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